TOMASZ ZYGLEWICZ

research

WORK IN PROGRESS

  • A paper on desire reports (revise and resubmit)

  • A paper on gossip. (Title TBD) (with Shannon Brick)

  • Truth-conditional variability of color ascriptions: empirical results concerning the polysemy hypothesis. (with Adrian Ziółkowski) forthcoming in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy Vol. 5 (eds. J. Knobe & S. Nichols)

  • Recent experimental work has shown that the truth-value judgments of color predications, i.e. utterances of the form “the leaves on my tree are green” or “these walls are brown,” are influenced by slight changes in the context of utterance (Hansen and Chemla 2013, Ziółkowski, 2021). Most explanations of this phenomenon focus on the semantics of color adjectives. However, it is not clear if these explanations do justice to the nuances of the empirical data on context-sensitivity of color predications (Ziółkowski, 2021). In contrast to the adjectival explanations, Agustin Vicente (2015) has recently proposed that the context-sensitivity of color predications can be explained by invoking the polysemy of the noun. In this paper, we present the results of three studies designed to empirically test this hypothesis: a traditional survey experiment (Study 1), an exploratory correlational study inspired by the semantic integration paradigm (Study 2a), and a follow-up experiment (Study 2b) that was designed to mitigate possible shortcomings of Study 2a. The results of our studies present preliminary evidence against Vicente’s theory.

    keywords: polysemy, ambiguity, context-sensitivity, color adjectives, Travis cases
  • Polysemy, homonymy, reclamation.

  • Reclamation of a slur involves a creation of a new, positively-valenced meaning that gradually replaces the old pejorative meaning. This means that at a critical stage, the slur is ambiguous. It has been claimed that this ambiguity is polysemy. However, this view fails to explain why the introduction of the new meaning forces the old one out of existence. I argue that this datapoint can be explained by invoking the mechanism of homonymic conflict, and, therefore, that the ambiguity involved in reclamation is homonymy. I argue that my account provides a neat way of conceptualizing the difference between two types of conceptual engineering, namely reclamation and amelioration. I conclude by suggesting that we need to rethink the standard ways of drawing the distinction between polysemy and homonymy.

    keywords: polysemy, homonymy, ambiguity, slurs, reclamation, homonymic conflict

PUBLICATIONS

  • Associative exportation. P. Stalmaszczyk & M. Hinton (eds.), "Philosophical Approaches to Language and Communication," Berlin: Peter Lang, 2022: 343-357.

  • Sophisticated textualism and sanctions. Studia Iuridica 2019 82: 343-357.

  • Against ‘the input view’ of legal gaps. Archiwum Filozofii Prawa i Filozofii Społecznej 2019 2(20): 75-88.

  • Objective and epistemic gradability: is the New Angle on the Knobe Effect empirically grounded? (with Bartosz Maćkiewicz), Philosophical Psychology 2019 32(2): 234-256.

  • Can a consequentialist be a good friend? Etyka 2016 52: 56-79.